Comuna Borș


First documents that mention Borș date from the XII century, where the Borș tribe is mentioned to live on the location of today’s village. The historical evolution of the village is recorded during several stages; as the territory belonging to the Bishop of Oradea (XIV century) or the period in which the settlement is completely destroyed during the Ottoman rule. A more pronounced growth occurred in the middle of the sixteenth century and then the late eighteenth century, early nineteenth century, when several public buildings were built, including the old headquarters of the People's Council.

Bors is located in the northwestern part of Bihor county, North- West development region. Located 12 km from Oradea, Borș is a border settlement between Romania and Hungary.
Within Oradea Metropolitan Area, Borș is located in the north-west bordered on the east by Biharia and Oradea, to the south by Sintandrei, to the West Girișu de Criș and Hungary and to the north with Hungary.

Bors comprises four villages: Bors (residence), Sântion, Santăul Mare și Santăul Mic. From a demographic perspective, the most developed villages are Bors and Sântion, areas crossed by E60.

Borş can be reached either by road or by rail. In Sântion and Borş the access can be made through the National road 1 DN1 (E60), that links Romania to Hungary going to Debrecen Budapest Wien Berlin Paris etc. However, an alternative route from Borș to Oradea is DJ 190. The access to Santăul Mic and Santăul Mare access is done through local roads.Access to Borș can be made through Railway Line 300: Bucureşti Nord - Braşov - Sighişoara - Teiuş - Războieni - Cluj Napoca - Oradea. However Borș does not have a railways station, so those present in Oradea are the only choice.

The total area Borș is 43.41 km2, of which about 81% is covered by agricultural land. Of the total surface of the Oradea Metropolitan Area, Borș occupies a share of 5.76%, being one of the members of the Metropolitan Area with the lowest surface.

Borș is located in the lower part of Crisurilor Plain. The lower plains are a result of accumulation and erosion of freshwater that comes from the higher parts of Bihor County, especially Crișul Repede. The rivers that drain the plains have shallow waters and are not accompanied by terraces. The average altitude in the Crișu Plains is lower than 110 m.

Climatic conditions in Borş are under the influence of the western air circulations that carry humid oceanic air. Average annual air temperature has ranged between 10 ° -11 ° C, values specific for plain regions. Average annual rainfall values are between 550-650 mm/year. Most frequent winds are the southern ones followed by the west and those from the northern part.




Borş is one of the regions that have geothermal waters. Other regions with geothermal waters are: Oradea, Săcuieni, Marghita, Ciumeghiu, Cighid, Beiuş, Livada, Sîntandrei and Toboliu. Also the terraces of the Crișu Repede river are a source of grabble and sand.