Nojorid

 

Nojorid

The first certification of Nojorid village was made in 1229, in a donation document; the Latin name of the village mentioned was Villa Irug. Later, the existence of two settlements of the same village was mentioned, called Villa Irug Major (Great Ieruga) and Villa Irug Minor (Minor Ieruga). The names the two settlements were adaptat to Hungarian becoming Ürögy or Uregd Nagy and Kiss Ürögy, then again adapted to the Romanian language receiving the names of Nojorid and Chişirid.

Nojorid is located in the western part of Bihor County within the North-West development Region In Oradea Metropolitan Area, Nojorid is located in the south, being the southernmost community in the 12 associated members.

Nojorid is bordered to the north by Oradea, Sîntandrei and Girişu de Criş, to the east Sînmartin, the south Hidişelu de Sus and Husasău de Tincă, and to the west by Gepiu and Sânnicolau Român. The settlement is located at a distance of about 10 km from the city of Oradea and 20 km from Borș customs point.

As the largest member of Oradea Metropolitan Area with a size of (125.57 km2), Nojorid also has the highest number of villages: Livada de Bihor, Leş, Nojorid, Chişirid, Păuşa, Apateu, Şauaieu. The village with the highest resident population is Nojorid which is also the seat of the local authority.

The access to Nojorid can be made through European road E671 (DN79), connection that links Oradea to Arad, passing through Chişineu-Criş and Salonta. In Salonta, the road has a junction of 14 km, called national road DN79B that heads in to Hungary to the village Şărcad. The local road network includes several local and county roads that give access to the other villages of Nojorid, such as:

    • County road DJ 792A Leş – Păuşa – Miersig – Beliu – Bocsig;
    • Local road DC 77 Nojorid – Livada de Bihor;
    • Local road DC 87 Păuşa – Şauaieu;
    • Local road DC 64 Nojorid – Apateu;
    • Local road DC 63 Sînmartin – Cihei – Apateu;
    • Local road DC 78 Nojorid – Chişirid.

Nojorid can be reached also through the railway line 310 (Oradea – Nojorid – Salonta – Arad). Beside the CFR rail station in Nojorid there is another railway stopping point in the village of Leş.
Nojorid is at only 4km from Oradea International Airport.

Nojorid is the largest member of Oradea Metropolitan Area, with a total area of 125.57 km2. Thus, 16.7% of OMA i sunder the local administration of Nojorid. Compared with the area of Bihor County, Nojorid covers only 1.7% of that.

The predominant landform in Nojorid is the plain, the settlement being located on the Miersig Plain, piedmont plain at the contact point with the hills and meadows of Crişului Negru. Therefore Miersigplain is part of the higher plains of the Western Plains along with Carei Plain, Ierului, Miersig, Cernei, Aradului, Vingăi and Gătaiei plains. The high plains were formed through an accumulation process and erosion. Although organized in steps the landscape has a slight incline form 200 m near the hills to 110 m in the lower plain.

strategii-dezvoltare-nojorid

Climatic conditions in Nojorid are under the influence of the western air circulations that carry humid oceanic air. Average annual air temperature has ranged between 10°-11°C, values specific to the plain region. Average annual rainfall values are between 600 - 700 mm/year. Most frequent winds are the southern ones followed by the west and those from the northern part.