Ineu was first documented in 1014, Dicţionarul istoric al localităților din Transilvania (The dictionary of historic settlements in Transilvania) mentioning the town called then „Villa Ineu” or „Terra Innev” in 1236.
Ineu is located in the center of Bihor County, in the North-Western Development Region. Ineu is the most eastern member of Oradea Metropolitan Area, being bordered to the north by Cetariu, the east Sârbi and Tileagd, south Săcădat and Oşorhei, and to the west by Paleu.
Ineu is located at an estimated 20 km from the city of Oradea.
Ineu is made up by three villages: Ineu (residence), Husasău de Criş and Botean. The villages are fairly close one to another (approx. 2-3 km).
Ineu can be reached mainly by road, Ineu and Botean villages being accessible by the county road DJ 767G that links the national road DN1 (European road E60) to Bălaia, village from Tileagd. Access to Husasău de Criş village can be done by the local road 44 Fughiu - Husasău de Criş, that has a length of 3,5 km.
The distance between Ineu and the nearest railway station is 11 km (Osorhei CFR station). However, towards Oradea International Airport there are about 27 km.
The total area of Ineu is 49.51 km2, representing 6.6% of the total area of Oradea Metropolitan Area. Reported to the Bihor County, Ineu covers 0.7% of the total county area.
Ineu is located in Oradea Depression– Vad Borod in between the Hills of Oradea to the north and The Hills of Pădurea Craiului to the south, on Crişul Repede River. Vad Borod Depression is golf type depression where neo-quartenars deposits have been set (sands, clays, Grable, conglomerates). The lowest part is Crişul Repede Meadow, and the passage to the mountain area is done either through terrace landscape or through steep slopes of limestone. Ineu is located in the lower part of the depression.
Climatic conditions in Ineu are under the influence of the western air circulations that carry humid oceanic air. Average annual air temperature has ranged between 7° – 10°C, values specific for hill regions in Bihor county. Average annual rainfall values are between 700-1000 mm/year. Most frequent winds are the southern ones followed by the west and those from the northern part.
Land area of Ineu is 49.51 km2, of which 58.1% is for agricultural use. The village has potential for development of vineyards, although agricultural lands for vineyards, nevertheless very small in relation to regional potential, were significantly limited when they were returned to their former owners. Thus, on the hills of Oradea, to Botean (Ineu), out of 150 ha of noble vineyards only 5 ha are left.
Another important resource is the water system, flowing waters in the settlement being part of Crişul Repede basin. At the local level several lakes were developed in recent years, mostly for recreational purposes such as: Ineu lake and Husasău de Criş lake.
In Ineu there are two”Nature 2000” natural habitats: ROSCI0050 Crişul Repede upstream of Oradea and ROSCI0267 Valea Roşie (Red Valey). In the Crişul Repede upstream of Oradea natural habitat –that covers a numerous settlements from Bihor County (Alşed, Aştileu, Auşeu, Ineu, Lugaşu de Jos, Măgeşti, Oradea, Oşorhei, Săcădat, Ţeţchea, Tileagd, Vadu Crişului) – the micro habitat of Zăvoaie cu Salix alba and Populus alba is found. Valea Roşie site (covering Ineu Paleu and Oradea) stands out for its beech forests Asperulo-Fagetum, part of the area being covered also by Natural reservation Fâneaţa Valea Roşie.